452ºF Journal of Literary Theory and Comparative Literature presents its ninth issue, a monographic on Critical Basque Studies from the perspective of the contemporary debates on Literary Criticism and Comparative Literature. This way, theoretical coordinates regarding Atlantic Studies, Queer and Feminist Criticism, Performance Studies or the critique of modernity serve as a support for rethinking the Basque literary and cultural production in a radical way. Combining these theoretical perspectives and literary corpus which can be read in the articles –and the assumption of the plural off-centre point of view on the discourses and agents that these entail–, we hope to create the effect of equivalence among the democratic struggles on the different political spaces that Basque Studies make visible.


As a guide to navigate in a possible joint reading of the different articles included in the present monographic issue, “Radical proposals for Basque Studies”, both guest texts point out the theoretical, political and literary framework that the rest of the texts will continue to elaborate in a divers manner. On the one hand, in “Galdós, Etxeita, Rizal – Madrid, Mundaka, Manila: On Colonial Disavowal and (Post)Imperial Articulations of the Hispanic Pacific-Atlantic” Joseba Gabilondo tries, from the analysis of Fortunata y Jacinta, Josetxo y Noli me tangere, to outline a different “trans-post-colonial” history that is formulated against the established Hispanicist and Hispanic nationalist discourses in modernity. On the other hand, Itxaro Borda’s “Intimitatea Zartagailu” emerges from a social context that bears the legacy of armed conflict, Jansenism and neoliberal capitalism and comprises intimacy as the last place of resistance for Basque women writers of the 21st century to redefine themselves, designating their body as a source of pleasure and pain.


In line with the first guest article, Ur Apalategui, Beñat Sarasola and Iratxe Retolaza’s proposals aim to question several aspects of (Basque) modernity. The first, “Euskal subjektuaren bilakaera erromaneskoa: desberdintze estrategiaren eta homologazio nahiaren arteko negoziaketa literario-ideologikoak”, tracks the textual representations of modernity written in Basque, with the objective of unveiling a certain pragmatic actor that, in a functional way, articulates the national identity. Sarasola, in “Harri eta Herri eta Etiopia artean: modernitatea euskal poesian”, focuses on the articulation of the concept of poetic modernity itself, to rethink the periodization it has lead to in the conception of the history of literature. Retolaza’s “Poesía corporal/Danza Verbal: una lectura comparada de Hnuy Illa” thinks of modernity as the refugee, the exiliate age, in the encounter of dance, music and poetry. The body as a central argument on this last text, its off-centre, unterritorialized representation, gives access to the second theoretical aspect proposed by Itxaro Borda’s article, as the body is joined by the other two main axes of her proposal: feminist social resistance and intimacy. Tina Escaja’s “Poética de resistencia en Itxaro Borda”, and Katixa Dolhare’s “Bakartasuna Itxaro Bordaren obran” develop each of these perspectives. Escaja confronts Borda’s poetical work with the univocal and hypermasculine nationalist discourses in search of a language that incorporates differences, while Dolhare focuses on the question of solitude, by making the poet’s work converse with western literary history.


This way, this monographic, in which monolithic discourses on nationalisms, imperialisms, masculinities and modernities are undermined from the interstices created between geographies, bodies, poetics, genders and subjectivities of the Basque literature and culture, blurs the boundaries between the politic and literary theoretical practice. In other words, it articulates an operational perspective where the diversity of off-centred literary points of view and their different political spaces can be thought in a strategic way from the scientific production that assumes Basque literature as its object of study.


In the miscellaneous section, “Periférica Blvd. o una (neo)barroca pesquisa en La Paz” analyzes Adolfo Cárdenas’ novel from detective literature. Daniela Renjel Encimas states that Cárdenas’ work exceeds the noir genre with its baroque style or the peripheral position of characters. On the other hand, Gerardo Rodríguez “Infected with Emotions: Jane Badler’s Music and the Maturation of Diana in the V series” studies the television series V from an interdisciplinary perspective in search of alternatives to a Science Fiction that closes the door on women empowerment. Therefore, the miscellaneous articles complete 452ºF’s ninth issue, creating a place for productions and readings that confront the normal uses of genres.


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